Kewilpa is an iconic 832 hectare property in the Bungawalbin area of northeastern NSW near Casino. The property supports eight vegetation communities, six of which are recognised as endangered ecological communities.


South Endeavour purchased Kewilpa in 2009 in order to ensure the long term protection of its unique ecological values.


Kewilpa is home to 185 plant species and 11 threatened animal species, including an endangered emu population in the NSW North Coast bioregion.


The property is bordered by creeks with numerous spring-fed ponds and features two large lagoons.


The nature conservation values of Kewilpa include the following:


Wompoo Pigeon, Kewilpa


Six Endangered Ecological Communities:
  • ‘Lowland rainforest on floodplain in the NSW North Coast and Sydney Basin Bioregion’ occurs as rainforest dominated by Syzygium floribundum (Weeping Lilly Pilly) and Tristaniopsis laurina (Water Gum) along riparian areas on the main creek systems.
  • ‘Subtropical Coastal Floodplain Forest of the NSW North Coast Bioregion’ occurs as the Eucalyptus tereticornis (Forest Red Gum) dominated forest ecosystems.
  • ‘Swamp Sclerophyll Forest on Coastal Floodplain of the NSW North Coast, Sydney Basin and South East Corner Bioregions’ is found along wet, poorly drained areas comprising Melaleuca alternifolia (Tea Tree) and Lophostemon suaveolens (Swamp Box).
  • ‘Swamp Oak Floodplain Forest of the NSW North Coast, Sydney Basin and South East Corner Bioregions’ occurs in two small stands towards the centre of the Conservation Area.
  • ‘Freshwater wetlands on Coastal Floodplain of the NSW North Coast’ occurs in swamps, lagoons and drainage lines which support open permanent standing water and periodic inundation of freshwater.
  • ‘Coastal Cypress Pine Forest in the NSW North Coast Bioregion.’ This occurs as a distinct community on the western portion of the Land.


Two threatened flora species. These are:

  • Endiandra muelleri subsp. bracteata (e)
  •  Eucalyptus glaucina (Slaty Red Gum) (v, V)


Note: (v) = listed as Vulnerable or (e) = Endangered under the TSC Act, (V) = listed as Vulnerable or (E) = Endangered under the EPBC Act.


Habitat for at least another 17 threatened flora species. These are:

  • Gossia fragrantissima (Sweet Myrtle) (e, E)
  • Lindsaea incisa (Slender Screw Fern) (e)
  • Melichrus hirsutus (Hairy melichrus) (e, E)
  • Melichrus sp. Gibberagee (Gibberagee Narrow-leaved Melichrus) (e,E)
  • Cyperus aquatilis (Water Nutgrass) (e)
  • Oldenlandia galioides (Sweet False Galium) (e)
  • Polygala linariifolia (Native Milkwort) (e)
  • Coatesia paniculata (Axe-breaker) (e)
  • Myrsine richmondensis (Ripple-leaf Muttonwood) (e, E)
  • Melaleuca irbyana (Weeping Paperbark) (e)
  • Eleocharis tetraquetra (Square Stemmed Spike Rush) (e)
  • Persicaria elatior (Tall Knotweed) (v, V)
  • Phyllanthus microcladus (Brush Sauropus) (e)
  • Peristeranthus hillii (Brown Fairy Chain Orchid) (v)
  • Oberonia complanata (Yellow-flowered King of the Fairies) (e)
  • Eucalyptus tetrapleura (Square-fruited Ironbark) (v, V)
  • Desmodium acanthocladum (Thorny Pea) (v, V)


Eleven threatened fauna species and one threatened population. These are:

  • Giant Barred Frog Mixophyes iteratus (e, E)
  • Glossy Black Cockatoo Calyptorhynchus lathami (v)
  • Powerful Owl Ninox strenua (v)
  • Masked Owl Tyto novaehollandiae (v)
  • Wompoo Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus magnificus (v)
  • Red-backed Button-quail Turnix maculosus (v)
  • Brush-tailed Phascogale Phascogale tapoatafa (v)
  • Koala Phascolarctos cinereus (v)
  • Yellow-bellied Glider Petaurus australis (v)
  • Squirrel Glider Petaurus norfolcensis (v)
  • Grey-headed Flying Fox Pteropus poliocephalus (v, V)
  • The Endangered Emu Dromaius novaehollandiae population in the 'NSW North Coast Bioregion and Port Stevens Local Government Area’ (e)


Potential habitat for additional sedentary and nomadic species including at least 17 birds, 1 amphibian, 5 terrestrial or semi-arboreal mammals, 1 mega-chiropteran bat, 5 micro-chiropteran bats and at least 3 reptiles.